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The Green Climate Fund issues a range of publications for our direct and indirect stakeholders on a diversity of issues – for the general public to industry experts. Stay in tune with our mission and activities around the planet with the issues that speak to you.

  • Adaptation: Accelerating action towards a climate resilient future

    This working paper contributes to adaptation knowledge from the perspective of climate financing. It provides an overview of adaptation and resilience challenges, the distinction between them, and discusses the avenues that GCF is developing to tackle them, together with countries and many stakeholders including the private sector. Ultimately, it is hoped that this paper will inform the design and scaling up of more successful adaptation investments.

    Through focused investments in these interlinked sectors, based upon national adaptation policies and plans, we hope GCF can catalyse a paradigm shift in the way countries respond to their citizens’ adaptation needs, and build their resilience, working with a large range of partners and stakeholders. GCF has a strong commitment to supporting countries and entities in the transformational changes that are needed now, to adapt, survive, and thrive in a fast-changing world.

  • GCF in Brief: Enhancing Direct Access

    The Enhancing Direct Access (EDA) pilot has been designed to provide Direct Access Entities (DAEs) with opportunities to move beyond the financing of individual projects towards a more comprehensive and stakeholder-driven programmatic approach. This factsheet provides an overview of the EDA pilot.

  • GCF at a glance

    This publication is a useful reference of GCF's portfolio, providing an overview of GCF's projects and programmes, geographic distribution, and breakdowns of GCF funding.

  • GCF in Africa: Factsheet

    This factsheet provides a quick overview of the Green Climate Fund's activities in Africa, including details of approved projects, the Direct Access Entities accredited in the region, and readiness support provided to different African countries. 

  • Turning ambition into action: How the Green Climate Fund is delivering results

    GCF is the world’s largest dedicated fund helping developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and enhance their ability to respond to climate change. It was set up by the UNFCCC in 2010, and has a crucial role in serving the Paris Agreement, supporting the goal of keeping average global temperature rise well below 2C. It does this by channelling climate finance to developing countries, which have joined other nations in committing to climate action.

    This publication provides a snapshot of GCF progress to date. Since starting to build its portfolio in 2015, GCF has taken great strides forward, and achieved results. The following pages illustrate how far we have come, and indicates our ambition for the future.

  • GCF in Brief: Support for Technology

    Technology solutions and innovations are instrumental to facilitate the move towards low-emission and climate- resilient pathways. Climate technologies can cover sectors such as energy supply and distribution, industry, transport, waste and agriculture. GCF supports developing countries in mitigation and adaptation actions as well as in capacity-building and technology development and transfer.

  • Simplified Approval Process (SAP) funding proposal preparation guidelines: A practical manual for the preparation of SAP proposals

    These guidelines have been developed to support GCF accredited entities (AEs) in the preparation of funding proposals under the Simplified Approval Process (SAP) pilot scheme.

    This document provides general clarifications on the indicative content expected in a SAP funding proposal submitted to GCF. More specific guidelines on the type of activities by sector will be developed separately by the GCF Secretariat. This document refers to policies approved by the GCF Board in relation to the preparation of funding proposals, such as the results management framework, the performance measurement framework, the monitoring and accountability framework and the initial investment framework, among others.

    This publication refers to version 1.1 of the SAP funding proposal template. Please note that while this document will be updated over time, it is possible that the future versions of the SAP funding proposal template, as well as the SAP Online Submission System, might refer to different headings and field identification numbers.

  • GCF in Brief: The Replenishment Process

    In October 2018, the GCF Board decided to launch its first replenishment. The replenishment is an expression of global solidarity and partnership with countries and communities most affected by climate change.

  • GCF in Brief: Safeguards

    The Green Climate Fund makes sure the climate finance it provides developing countries is not accompanied by negative effects to local communities and the environment.
    You can find out more about how GCF avoids harm through its Environmental and Social Policy and Indigenous Peoples Policy in this factsheet.

  • GCF in Brief: About the Fund

    Learn more about the Green Climate Fund (GCF), an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Paris Agreement, dedicated to supporting global efforts to respond to the challenge of climate change.

  • GCF in Brief: Direct Access

    One of the Green Climate Fund’s distinctive features is the provision for developing countries to access financial resources through national entities, meaning that climate finance can be channelled to the country directly. This factsheet explains how direct access works and the support provided for direct access Accredited Entities.

  • GCF in Brief: Readiness

    This factsheet is an overview of the GCF Readiness Programme, which provides resources for strengthening the institutional capacities of National Designated Authorities/focal points (“NDAs”) and direct access entities to effectively engage with the Fund.

  • GCF in Brief: Simplified Approval Process

    The Green Climate Fund is moving quickly to build a large and transformative project portfolio, with many projects already under implementation. To simplify and streamline the approval of certain small scale projects, GCF’s Board has approved a new approach: the Simplified Approval Process (SAP). The simplifications in this new approach should lead to a reduction in time and effort required to go from project conception to implementation.

  • GCF in Brief: Adaptation Planning

    The Green Climate Fund is committed to investing in developing countries’ efforts to adapt to the effects of climate change. GCF aims to deliver a 50:50 balance between mitigation and adaptation allocations in its portfolio, and ensure that at least 50% of adaptation funding goes to particularly vulnerable countries, including LDCs, SIDS and African States. This factsheet provides an overview of how GCF supports adaptation planning in the countries where it operates.

  • GCF in Brief: REDD+

    REDD+ is a financing model negotiated under the UNFCCC to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. It is divided into three phases, which are roughly associated with readiness, implementation, and payment for results. This factsheet provides an overview of how GCF offers support for REDD+ across all three phases.

  • The Green Climate Fund’s Private Sector Facility

    GCF has a Private Sector Facility (PSF), with the primary mission to engage both the local and global private sector to support climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in developing countries. This brochure provides an overview of the PSF.

  • Mainstreaming Gender in Green Climate Fund Projects

    Developed with UN Women, this toolkit guides GCF partners on how to include women, girls, men, and boys from socially excluded and vulnerable communities in all aspects of climate finance.

Archived publications Archived publications

Archived publications


    The Green Climate Fund’s second edition of ELEMENTS highlights key opportunities that the Fund can help countries seize. GCF has succeeded in raising USD 10 billion equivalent during its Initial Resource Mobilization (IRM) in 2014. Utilizing these scarce resources to achieve the greatest possible impact on both mitigation and adaptation is now the key challenge faced by the Fund. This guide considers a number of areas where there is high potential to make a significant and ambitious contribution towards global efforts to respond to climate change. The report draws upon the findings of the document “Analysis of the Expected Role and Impact of the Green Climate Fund,” presented at the 9th Board meeting in March 2015, where readers can find in-depth discussion on each of the Fund’s results areas based on up-to-date studies and data from a wide array of sources.

  • 3-Minute Brief for Negotiators

    As the international community geared up for the 21st Conference of the UNFCCC Parties in Paris in December 2015, there was increasing discussion about how the necessary investments in mitigation and adaptation might be financed, particularly in developing countries. This brief presents the main features of the Green Climate Fund that the parties to the Convention have established by consensus. GCF is mandated to play a central role in mobilizing and channelling the financial resources required to enable a paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate-resilient pathways in developing countries.


    This resource guide is designed primarily for GCF National Designated Authorities (NDAs) and Focal Points from recipient countries to assist them in understanding the operational modalities of the Fund. It presents the basic architecture of the Fund and describes the roles and responsibilities of NDAs in relation to their country’s engagement with GCF. The guide also presents the range of activities that Accredited Entities may carry out to develop and submit funding proposals for projects and programmes. ELEMENTS 01 includes a detailed step-by-step explanation of GCF’s project approval process.