Buildings, cities, industries, and appliances

Number of projects



Total GCF financing






Increasing the efficiency of buildings and appliances offer significant mitigation and economic returns. The adoption of better technologies, energy-efficient designs, as well as introducing incentives that change behaviour can help reduce energy use. Consumers further benefit from energy efficiency measures by reducing household costs spent for energy. There is a need to rapidly improve the efficiency of energy consumption, but the high upfront costs associated with these investments need to be addreseed. There is a high potential for energy efficiency across countries and sectors.

Energy efficiency programmes have been a significant focus for existing mitigation funds, reflecting a growing recognition of their increasing commercial viability. Nevertheless, they represent a relatively smaller focus of international climate finance so far. The potential for energy efficiency and green building construction in developing countries remains untapped. GCF's potential value includes support to developing and piloting innovative instruments that scale up available financing for larger scale investments, potentially in partnership with efforts to strengthen policy, pricing, standards and other incentives for efficiency.


Sectoral guide: Cities, buildings and urban systems

10 Sep 2021

Comparative research has yielded a set of four paradigm-shifting pathways in both mega/large and secondary cities, which have strong potential to deliver high-impact, cost-effective climate benefits at scale, with local benefits. These are (1) decarbonization of urban energy systems, (2) energy efficiency in building stock, (3) compact and resilient urban development, and (4) circular urban economy. The GCF is well placed to support developing countries raise and realize their climate ambition in the urban sector through country-driven approach.

SAP Technical Guidelines: Cities and Climate Change

06 Jun 2019

Traditionally, cities are defined as large human settlements, with no one standardized definition applied internationally. Frequently, national governments have criteria they use to define urban areas.

SAP Technical Guidelines: Energy Efficiency for Industry and Appliances

01 Aug 2019

This publication provides technical guidance for the preparation of SAP proposals. Energy efficiency (EE) is the process of reducing the energy consumption of infrastructure, facilities, machines, devices, products, services, business processes, activities and transport. It can be thought of as the first fuel of a sustainable world and as such it has a key role in ensuring cost-effective energy transitions.


The following GCF projects aim to reduce emissions from buildings, cities, industries and appliances by supporting policies, standards and technologies that reduce the need for energy.