Ground Water Recharge and Solar Micro Irrigation to Ensure Food Security and Enhance Resilience in Vulnerable Tribal Areas of Odisha

Ground Water Recharge and Solar Micro Irrigation to Ensure Food Security and Enhance Resilience in Vulnerable Tribal Areas of Odisha

Enhancing the resilience of vulnerable communities in Odisha through groundwater recharge and solar micro irrigation.

The Indian state of Odisha is highly vulnerable to climate change due to high monsoon variability. This has caused drought and flood affecting the food security of agriculture dependent communities and particularly affecting vulnerable communities. Extreme food insecurity is combined with water scarcity as there is a lack of infrastructure for water conservation.

These climate related challenges will be addressed by enhancing ground water recharge in the community ponds through structural adaptation measures, and the use of solar pumps for micro irrigation. The ground water recharge measures will improve water security and quality for around 5.2 million beneficiaries in vulnerable communities through the installation of groundwater recharge shafts in 10,000 tanks. Tanks and ponds in the region provide effective rainwater collection, but are inefficient at recharging groundwater due to low permeable soil. Ground water recharge shafts can be transformative by demonstrating their ability to recharge the underlying aquifier system, developing long-term groundwater reserves. At the same time, resilient crop planning through irrigation will improve food security in the region, whilst the use of solar pumps for irrigation will increase energy access and contribute to the state’s climate-resilient, low emission crop planning.

The project has an estimated lifespan of 20 years.

Total project value


Tonnes of emissions avoided






Result areas

Project timeline


16 Sep 2016 - 203 days

Funding proposal received

16 Sep 2016


06 Apr 2017 - 534 days

Approved by GCF Board

06 Apr 2017

Cleared by iTAP

06 Apr 2017

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

31 Jan 2018

FAA executed

26 Feb 2018

Under implementation

21 Sep 2018 - 521 days so far

FAA effective

21 Sep 2018


21 Sep 2023 - 1,307 days to go

One region

  • Asia-Pacific

One country

  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing

GrantUSD 34,357,000


Co-FinancingLoanUSD 7,064,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 124,876,000

GCF Project Team

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Accredited Entity

National Designated Authority