Gums for Adaptation and Mitigation in Sudan (GAMS): Enhancing adaptive capacity of local communities and restoring carbon sink potential of the Gum Arabic belt, expanding Africa’s Great Green Wall

Gums for Adaptation and Mitigation in Sudan (GAMS): Enhancing adaptive capacity of local communities and restoring carbon sink potential of the Gum Arabic belt, expanding Africa’s Great Green Wall

  • Status Under implementation
  • Date approved 13 Nov 2020 at B.27
  • Est. completion 25 Nov 2026
  • ESS Category Category C

Sudan is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change impacts such as rising temperatures and severe and increasing moisture stress. In the Kordofan States, where the project will be located, 98% of agriculture is rainfed and greatly exposed to weather and climate threats. Gum Arabic, harvested from Acacia trees, provides livelihood to smallholder farmers. Gum trees are usually grown together with annual food crops to increase crop yields by enhancing soil fertility, improving water infiltration and lowering evaporation by reducing wind speed. Climate change is impacting the yield of gum arabica in Sudan due to moisture stress as much as by 50 percent annually.

The objective is to enhance climate resilience of livelihoods and agro-sylvo-pastoral ecosystem services in Kordofan, Sudan, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from land use by 9.23 million tonnes of CO2e. The restoration of agroforestry systems with gum arabic trees will protect the annual crops against increased moisture stress, improving the resilience of the livelihoods of poor smallholder farmers and by building the capacity of 500 smallholder gum arabic producer associations (GAPAs) to produce larger quantities of clean, dry gum, benefiting a total of 1.58 million people. The project will also facilitate contract farming arrangements with small scale farmers and will mobilize private sector financing for the GAPAs. The project will invest in livestock mobility and rangeland restoration of 275,000 hectares of land, which will improve the resilience of pastoralists to climate shocks and take pressure off the gum agroforestry systems, thereby reducing further land use emissions. 

Total project value


Tonnes of emissions avoided






Result areas

Project timeline


04 May 2017 - 1290 days

Concept note received

04 May 2017

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

24 Apr 2020

Funding proposal received

27 Apr 2020

Cleared by GCF Secretariat

13 Aug 2020

Cleared by iTAP

21 Oct 2020


13 Nov 2020 - 378 days

Approved by GCF Board

13 Nov 2020

FAA executed

02 Dec 2020

Under implementation

25 Nov 2021 - 882 days so far

FAA effective

25 Nov 2021

Disbursement - USD 1,972,090

15 Dec 2021

To be completed

25 Nov 2026 - 945 days to go

One region

  • Africa

One country

Two priority groups

  • Least Developed Countries
  • African States
  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing20% disbursed

GrantUSD 9,975,000
Total GCF Financing
USD 9,975,000

GCF Contacts

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Project complaints and grievances

GCF Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Phone +82 32 458 6186 (KST)
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Integrity issues

GCF Independent Integrity Unity (IIU)
Phone +82 32 458 6714 (KST)
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Accredited Entity

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ms. Elizabeth A. Bechdol

Deputy Director-General
Phone +39 06 57051800
Ms. Maria Helena Semedo

Deputy Director-General
More contacts

National Designated Authority

The Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources (HCENR)
Dr Mona Ahmed Primary
Secretary General
Meknimer Street, Sudan