SAP019

Gums for Adaptation and Mitigation in Sudan (GAMS): Enhancing adaptive capacity of local communities and restoring carbon sink potential of the Gum Arabic belt, expanding Africa’s Great Green Wall

Gums for Adaptation and Mitigation in Sudan (GAMS): Enhancing adaptive capacity of local communities and restoring carbon sink potential of the Gum Arabic belt, expanding Africa’s Great Green Wall

Sudan is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change impacts such as rising temperatures and severe and increasing moisture stress. In the Kordofan States, where the project will be located, 98% of agriculture is rainfed and greatly exposed to weather and climate threats. Gum Arabic, harvested from Acacia trees, provides livelihood to smallholder farmers. Gum trees are usually grown together with annual food crops to increase crop yields by enhancing soil fertility, improving water infiltration and lowering evaporation by reducing wind speed. Climate change is impacting the yield of gum arabica in Sudan due to moisture stress as much as by 50 percent annually.

The objective is to enhance climate resilience of livelihoods and agro-sylvo-pastoral ecosystem services in Kordofan, Sudan, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from land use by 9.23 million tonnes of CO2e. The restoration of agroforestry systems with gum arabic trees will protect the annual crops against increased moisture stress, improving the resilience of the livelihoods of poor smallholder farmers and by building the capacity of 500 smallholder gum arabic producer associations (GAPAs) to produce larger quantities of clean, dry gum, benefiting a total of 1.58 million people. The project will also facilitate contract farming arrangements with small scale farmers and will mobilize private sector financing for the GAPAs. The project will invest in livestock mobility and rangeland restoration of 275,000 hectares of land, which will improve the resilience of pastoralists to climate shocks and take pressure off the gum agroforestry systems, thereby reducing further land use emissions. 

Total project value

 

Tonnes of emissions avoided

 

Beneficiaries

 

Direct
371,528
Indirect
1,210,000
Theme

Cross-cutting

Result areas

Project timeline

Pipeline

04 May 2017 - 1290 days

Concept note received

04 May 2017

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

24 Apr 2020

Funding proposal received

27 Apr 2020

Cleared by GCF Secretariat

13 Aug 2020

Cleared by iTAP

21 Oct 2020

Approved

13 Nov 2020 - 115 days so far

Approved by GCF Board

13 Nov 2020

FAA executed

02 Dec 2020

Under implementation

Completed

01 Dec 2023

One region

  • Africa

One country

Two priority groups

  • Least Developed Countries
  • African States
USD  
  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing

InstrumentAmount
GrantUSD 9,975,000

Cofinancing

CofinancerInstrumentAmount
Co-FinancingOtherUSD 0

GCF Contacts

General media inquiries

GCF Communications
Phone +82 32 4458 6338 (KST)
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Request for information

GCF Information Disclosure
Request information about this project

Project complaints and grievances

GCF Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Phone +82 32 458 6485 (KST)
File a complaint

Integrity issues

GCF Independent Integrity Unity (IIU)
Phone +82 32 458 6155 (KST)
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Accredited Entity

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Mr Roberto Ridolfi
Assistant Director-General, Programme Support and Technical Cooperation Department
Phone +39 0657 0501 46
TC-ADG@fao.org
Mr. Alexander Jones
Director, Climate and Environment Division
Phone +39 0657 0523 31
CBC-Director@fao.org

National Designated Authority

Sudan

The Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources (HCENR)

Secretary General Rashid Mekki Hassan
Mr.
P.O.Box 10488, Khartoum, Sudan