TWENDE: Towards Ending Drought Emergencies: Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands

TWENDE: Towards Ending Drought Emergencies: Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands

  • Status Under implementation
  • Date approved 08 Jul 2019 at B.23
  • Est. completion 26 Nov 2025
  • ESS Category Category B

Increasing the resilience of the livestock and other land-use sectors through restored and effectively governed rangeland ecosystems in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands

Climate change is projected to increase the variability of rainfall and temperature, increasing the risk of more frequent and severe droughts - and other extreme weather events - in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands.

The project targets eleven counties in two major climate zones which have devolved powers under Kenya’s new constitution. Building capacity and institutions for the improved implementation of devolution is seen as necessary to enhance the climate resilience of Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands. Interventions focus on increasing the adaptive capacities of communities and local institutions to develop evidence-based landscape planning. This will be done by increasing accessibility to climate data and information; and enhancing the ability of community-based cottage industries to access markets and financial services.

This project has an estimated lifespan of 5 years.

Total project value






Result areas

Project timeline


22 Dec 2016 - 929 days

Concept note received

22 Dec 2016

Funding proposal received

03 Jul 2018

Cleared by GCF Secretariat

22 Apr 2019

Cleared by iTAP

14 Jun 2019

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

27 Jun 2019


08 Jul 2019 - 508 days

Approved by GCF Board

08 Jul 2019

FAA executed

03 Jan 2020

Under implementation

26 Nov 2020 - 1,246 days so far

FAA effective

26 Nov 2020

Disbursement - USD 5,455,398

17 Mar 2021

Disbursement - USD 5,797,511

10 Aug 2023

To be completed

26 Nov 2025 - 581 days to go

One region

  • Africa

One country

One priority group

  • African States
  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing49% disbursed

GrantUSD 23,152,082
Total GCF Financing
USD 23,152,082


Co-FinancingGrantUSD 3,600,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 2,400,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 2,400,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 1,500,000
Co-FinancingLoanUSD 800,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 690,900
Total Co-Financing
USD 11,390,900

GCF Contacts

General media inquiries

GCF Communications
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GCF Information Disclosure
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Project complaints and grievances

GCF Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Phone +82 32 458 6186 (KST)
File a complaint

Integrity issues

GCF Independent Integrity Unity (IIU)
Phone +82 32 458 6714 (KST)
Send e-mail

Accredited Entity

International Union for Conservation of Nature
Mr. Sébastien Delahaye

Head of the Multilateral Finance and Business development Team
28 rue Mauverney, Gland, Switzerland
Ms. Rebecca Welling

Portfolio Manager (a.i), Multilateral Finance and Business Development Team
28 rue Mauverney, Gland, Switzerland
More contacts

National Designated Authority

The National Treasury
Dr Chris Kiptoo Primary
Principal Secretary
Treasury Building 12th Floor, Harambee Avenue, Nairobi, Kenya
Phone +254 20 224 0051
Mr. Malik Aman Secondary
Programme Manager, National Coordination (FLLoCA)
Phone +254 720 771774
Mr. Peter Odhengo Secondary
Senior Policy Advisor, Climate Finance
Phone +254 722 984 992
Mr. Hillary Korir Secondary
Senior Economist
Phone +254 722 644736