TWENDE: Towards Ending Drought Emergencies: Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands

TWENDE: Towards Ending Drought Emergencies: Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands

Increasing the resilience of the livestock and other land-use sectors through restored and effectively governed rangeland ecosystems in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands

Climate change is projected to increase the variability of rainfall and temperature, increasing the risk of more frequent and severe droughts - and other extreme weather events - in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands.

The project targets eleven counties in two major climate zones which have devolved powers under Kenya’s new constitution. Building capacity and institutions for the improved implementation of devolution is seen as necessary to enhance the climate resilience of Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands. Interventions focus on increasing the adaptive capacities of communities and local institutions to develop evidence-based landscape planning. This will be done by increasing accessibility to climate data and information; and enhancing the ability of community-based cottage industries to access markets and financial services.

This project has an estimated lifespan of 5 years.

Total project value






Result areas

Project timeline


22 Dec 2016 - 929 days

Concept note received

22 Dec 2016

Funding proposal received

03 Jul 2018

Cleared by GCF Secretariat

22 Apr 2019

Cleared by iTAP

14 Jun 2019

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

27 Jun 2019


08 Jul 2019 - 395 days so far

Approved by GCF Board

08 Jul 2019

FAA executed

03 Jan 2020

Under implementation


01 Jun 2024

One region

  • Africa

One country

One priority group

  • African States
  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing

GrantUSD 23,152,082


Co-FinancingGrantUSD 3,600,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 2,400,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 2,400,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 1,500,000
Co-FinancingLoanUSD 800,000
Co-FinancingGrantUSD 690,900

GCF Contacts

General media inquiries

GCF Communications
Phone +82 10 4458 7751
Send e-mail

Request for information

GCF Information Disclosure
Request information about this project

Project complaints and grievances

GCF Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Phone +82 32 458 6157
File a complaint

Integrity issues

GCF Independent Integrity Unity (IIU)
Phone +82 32 458 6155
Send e-mail

Accredited Entity

International Union for Conservation of Nature

Ms. Sheila Aggarwal-Khan
Director, GEF / GCF Coordination Unit
Rue Mauverney, 28, Gland, Switzerland
Phone +41229990292
Mr. Sébastien Delahaye
GEF / GCF Portfolio Manager
Rue Mauverney, 28, Gland, Switzerland
Phone +41229990251

National Designated Authority


The National Treasury

Mr. Hillary Korir
Mr. Peter Odhengo
Senior Policy Advisor, Climate Finance
Phone +254 722 984992
Mr. Julius Muia
Principal Secretary
Treasury Building, Harambee Avenue, P.O Box 30007-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Phone +254 20 224 0051