Irrigation development and adaptation of irrigated agriculture to climate change in semi-arid Morocco
- Health, food and water security
- Livelihoods of people and communities
- Ecosystems and ecosystem services
- Infrastructure and built environment
- #6 Clean water and sanitation
Location & People
- Morocco MAR
- Public / Private
- Project size:
- E&S Risk category:
- Category A
- Category B
- Category C
- Instrument Grant USD
- AFD Loan USD
- AFD Grant USD
- Government of Morocco Grant USD
Project ownersAccredited Entity
- Access Modality: International
- Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries – Direction de l’Irrigation et de l’Aménagement de l’Espace Agricole (Directorate of Irrigation and the Development of Agricultural Areas) DIAEA - Office Régional de Mise en Valeur Agricole du Tafilalet (Regional Office of Agricultural Development of Tafilalet), ORMVAT Morocco
The Boudnib Valley has a high vulnerability to increased temperatures and water scarcity as the effects of climate change. The local population relies on oasis-based agriculture along the Guir wadi, which is an intermittent river severely affected by several years of drought and irregularity. Small-scale oasis farming has created a poverty trap that forces many to migrate in search of employment.
Recently, however, new investments have changed the situation on the ground by expanding agriculture beyond the oasis areas. These relatively large scale farms produce quality dates and olives through the exploitation of deep groundwater by pumping.
Ensuring the long-term preservation of underground water supplies is essential to protect both oasis subsistence farming and the larger-scale date and olive farms from climate change risks. This project will create a connecting irrigation system to the Kaddoussa Dam that is currently being built upstream of the Guir wadi, ensuring downstream agricultural sustainability by providing surface water for farming. This will improve the situation of oasis agriculture and alleviate the pressure on the deep groundwater. The project will build the climate-resilience of oasis communities, and set up cross-cutting sustainability measures such as technical assistance, groundwater preservation, and environmental and social impacts management.
The project has an estimated lifespan of 5 years.
|ESS report||FP042 - AFD - Morocco||16 Mar 2017|
|Approved funding proposal||FP042 - AFD - Morocco||24 Apr 2017|
|Gender assessment||FP042 - AFD - Morocco||28 Jun 2017|
- Agence Française de Developpement (AFD) Mr. Timothée Ourbak Tel: +33 1 5344 6356 Ms. Estelle Mercier Tel: +33 1 5344 4648