Sustainable Landscapes in Eastern Madagascar

Sustainable Landscapes in Eastern Madagascar

  • Status Under implementation
  • Date approved 14 Oct 2016 at B.14
  • Est. completion 08 May 2025
  • ESS Category Category B

Sustainable landscape measures to enhance resilience of smallholders, reducing GHG emissions and channelling private finance into climate-smart investments in agriculture and renewable energy.

Madagascar is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change in the world, with large numbers of smallholding farmers. There is a high level of food insecurity, precarity, and vulnerability to climate change. The landscape is dominated by natural forest, but deforestation is a source of GHG emissions and degradation of ecosystem services.

The project model is to initially address smallholder vulnerability through non-profit activities, that will prepare the smallholding farmers to eventually access private sector investment, providing a pathway out of extreme vulnerability and dependency. This approach is aimed at overcoming the barriers to private sector investment. Funds will be leveraged through a first-of-its-kind Green/Climate Bond, with all returns and profits from GCF’s investments in the private sector activities re-invested for climate activities in the country. This will enable continued investment in landscape-level adaptation and mitigation activities.

The project has an estimated lifespan of 10 years.

Total project value


Tonnes of emissions avoided






Result areas

Project timeline


20 Mar 2016 - 209 days

Funding proposal received

20 Mar 2016

Cleared by iTAP

30 Sep 2016


14 Oct 2016 - 572 days

Approved by GCF Board

14 Oct 2016

Legal opinion on AE's Internal Approval

20 Sep 2017

FAA executed

16 Mar 2018

Under implementation

08 May 2018 - 2,236 days so far

FAA effective

08 May 2018

Disbursement - USD 800,000

31 Jul 2018

Annual Performance Report

27 Feb 2019

Disbursement - USD 1,600,000

15 Apr 2019

Disbursement - USD 1,700,000

07 Nov 2019

Disbursement - USD 1,900,000

17 Mar 2020

Disbursement - USD 2,600,000

23 Feb 2021

Disbursement - USD 2,000,000

13 Jun 2022

Disbursement - USD 2,500,000

13 Dec 2022

Disbursement - USD 2,650,000

08 Dec 2023

To be completed

08 May 2025 - 323 days to go

One region

  • Africa

One country

Two priority groups

  • Least Developed Countries
  • African States
  • Financing
    • Private sector
    • Public sector
  • Size
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large

GCF financing85% disbursed

GrantUSD 18,500,000
Total GCF Financing
USD 18,500,000


Co-FinancingGrantUSD 800,000
Total Co-Financing
USD 800,000

GCF Contacts

General media inquiries

GCF Communications
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GCF Information Disclosure
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Project complaints and grievances

GCF Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Phone +82 32 458 6186 (KST)
File a complaint

Integrity issues

GCF Independent Integrity Unity (IIU)
Phone +82 32 458 6714 (KST)
Send e-mail

Accredited Entity

Conservation International Foundation
Mr. Steven Panfil

Vice President CI-GCF Agency
2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 600 Arlington, VA 22202, United States
Phone +1 703 341 2400
Mr. Robert Merritt

Director, Project Development CI-GCF Agency
2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 600 Arlington, VA 22202, United States
Phone +1703 341 2400
More contacts

National Designated Authority

Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development
Ms. Lovakanto Ravelomanana Primary
Director of the National Office for Climate Change Coordination
B.P 3948, Rue Toto Radola - Antsahavola, Antananarivo, Madagascar

News + Stories

Empowering farmers and protecting forests in Eastern Madagascar

21 Dec 2021 / In spite of only producing 0.01% of the world’s annual carbon dioxide emissions, Madagascar is facing the brunt of climate change. Extended droughts, lesser incidences of rainfall, and aggressive cyclones devastate the population’s livelihoods, a great deal of which relying on agriculture. With harsh environmental conditions and low yields and incomes, smallholder farmers turn to alternative sources of revenue and food to survive.

Forests: A cause of climate concern, and hope

15 Aug 2018 / You don’t know what you’ve got until it’s gone.

Forests: A cause of climate concern, and hope

14 Aug 2018 / You don’t know what you’ve got until it’s gone.