Areas of work


A defining feature of GCF in the world of climate finance is its unique ability to tap both public and private finance flows, seeking to engage across sectors to unlock high impact and paradigm shifting climate investments. GCF is able to offer and combine a full range of financing instruments, including loans, equity, guarantees and grants to design bespoke solutions that tackle specific investment barriers.

Number of public sector projects approved


Number of private sector projects approved


Public sector projects

GCF offers a variety of climate financing options that help developing countries mitigate the effects of climate crisis and help populations adapt to the changing climate. Financing for public sector projects is extended to developing countries and public sector entities, such as state-owned enterprises. These options may include loans and grants.

Private sector financing

The sheer scale of the climate challenge means that even though GCF is the largest international climate finance fund, it cannot hope to match the vast levels of financial resources available in the private sector. Combating climate change will require the global flow of private sector investment to align with low emission, climate-resilient pathways. A key GCF feature is its ability to partner with the business world to mobilise institutional investors at scale to fund climate action, and to encourage local private sectors in developing countries to deliver climate solutions. From the beginning, we have made significant efforts to create co-financing opportunities with both international financial entities and locally based entrepreneurs to fund mitigation and, increasingly, adaptation activities. This accords with a widespread recognition that the private sector will have to play a significant part in rechannelling current financial flows into new climate action pathways to help to raise the trillions necessary to address climate change.

Learn more about private sector financing in GCF