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Independent Redress Mechanism

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Introduction Introduction

The Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM) responds to complaints by people who feel they have been adversely affected by GCF projects or programmes failing to implement GCF operational policies and procedures. This includes allegations of a failure to follow adequate environmental and social safeguards.

The IRM can also accept requests by developing country National Designated Authorities, or focal points, for the GCF Board to reconsider funding proposals which the GCF has rejected.
Visit the IRM Website

Head of unit Head of unit


de Silva,
Head of unit

Dr Lalanath de Silva is the Head of GCF’s Independent Redress Mechanism. Dr de Silva has extensive experience in legal affairs, with more than 30 years of service as a practicing lawyer. In Sri Lanka, he supported the Ministry of Environment as a legal consultant, and was a member of his country’s Law Commission. Lalanath previously worked at the Environmental Claims Unit of the UN Compensation Commission in Geneva, and served as Director of the Environmental Democracy Practice at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington DC. As a member of the Compliance Review Panel of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), he led the review of multiple compliance cases. Lalanath has a PhD from the University of Sydney, a Master of Laws from the University of Washington, and graduated from the Sri Lanka Law College as an Attorney-at-Law.

Compliance and Dispute Resolution Specialist

An Ecuadorian and Spanish national, Susana holds a Master’s degree from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and a Bachelor’s in Political Science from Davidson College, NC, USA. Prior to joining the IRM, Susana worked at Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) – the independent accountability mechanism for the World Bank’s private sector lending arms, IFC and MIGA. While at CAO, she supported the growth and development of the accountability mechanism, leading efforts related to case management, dispute resolution processes, and lessons learned. She also previously worked for UNDP in Ecuador. Susana is an accredited mediator and her professional interests include sustainable development and African studies.

Team Assistant

Arian hails from the Philippines and holds a Bachelor’s degree in Social Work from Centro Escolar University Manila. She is pursuing a Master’s Degree in Development Policy at the Korea Development Institute School of Public Policy and Management, focusing on Sustainable and International Development. Prior to working at GCF, Arian spent 6 years working as a social welfare officer in a local government unit in Manila. She was a project manager in local assisted social protection programmes that focused on poverty reduction, women empowerment and localizing the Millennium Development Goals. She has a professional background in social welfare, community development and local governance.

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Dr Asanga Gunawansa has a Ph.D. in law from the National University of Singapore (NUS) and a Master of Law (LLM) from University of Warwick. He is an Attorney-at-Law of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka with over 24 years of professional experience. He is an International Arbitrator, a visiting academic/researcher with NUS, University of Moratuwa and Sri Lanka Law College. He is a Director of the Sri Lanka International Arbitration Centre, an Honorary Consultant to the Ministry of Justice of Sri Lanka, and an Executive Member of the Asia Pacific Centre for Environmental Law. In the past he had worked for the Asian Development Bank as a Consultant, a Legal Officer for the United Nations Compensation Commission and the United National Relief and Works Agency, and as a State Counsel at the Department of the Attorney General of Sri Lanka.


Halina Ward is a lawyer with 25 years of applied policy research, partnership-building, and advisory experience in the fields of sustainable development, responsible business, public participation, and governance of foreign direct investment. A trained mediator and facilitator, she has worked in law firms, consultancies and a technology innovation agency as well as in senior roles with non-governmental organisations including the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the International Institute for Environment and Development. She is currently an independent analyst and advisor, and served as a Project Complaint Mechanism Expert with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development’s Project Complaint Mechanism from 2015-2018. She speaks English, Russian, Spanish and Polish and holds an Bachelor of Laws (LLB) and an Master of Laws (LLM) (Law and Development) from the University of London.

Contact Contact


Independent Redress Mechanism
Green Climate Fund
Songdo Business District
175 Art center-daero
Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22004
Republic of Korea
+82.32.458.6157 (Korea Standard Time)