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Independent Redress Mechanism

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Introduction Introduction

The Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM) responds to complaints by people who feel they have been adversely affected by GCF projects or programmes failing to implement GCF operational policies and procedures. This includes allegations of a failure to follow adequate environmental and social safeguards.

The IRM can also accept requests by developing country National Designated Authorities, or focal points, for the GCF Board to reconsider funding proposals which the GCF has rejected.
Visit the IRM Website

Head of unit Head of unit


de Silva,
Head of unit

Dr Lalanath de Silva is the Head of GCF’s Independent Redress Mechanism. Dr de Silva has extensive experience in legal affairs, with more than 30 years of service as a practicing lawyer. In Sri Lanka, he supported the Ministry of Environment as a legal consultant, and was a member of his country’s Law Commission. Lalanath previously worked at the Environmental Claims Unit of the UN Compensation Commission in Geneva, and served as Director of the Environmental Democracy Practice at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington DC. As a member of the Compliance Review Panel of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), he led the review of multiple compliance cases. Lalanath has a PhD from the University of Sydney, a Master of Laws from the University of Washington, and graduated from the Sri Lanka Law College as an Attorney-at-Law.

Compliance and Dispute Resolution Specialist

An Ecuadorian and Spanish national, Susana holds a Master’s degree from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and a Bachelor’s in Political Science from Davidson College, NC, USA. Prior to joining the IRM, Susana worked at Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) – the independent accountability mechanism for the World Bank’s private sector lending arms, IFC and MIGA. While at CAO, she supported the growth and development of the accountability mechanism, leading efforts related to case management, dispute resolution processes, and lessons learned. She also previously worked for UNDP in Ecuador. Susana is an accredited mediator and her professional interests include sustainable development and African studies.


Christine is the IRM’s Registrar. She is from Cape Town, South Africa, where she practiced as an attorney before joining the IRM. Christine spent time in both private practice, and as an attorney for South Africa’s largest public interest, environmental law firm, the Centre for Environmental Rights (CER). While at the CER, Christine also participated as a core team member of the Commonwealth Climate and Law Initiative, a research, education and outreach project set up by the University of Oxford’s Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, the Prince’s Accounting for Sustainability Project, and ClientEarth. In 2018, Christine was one of the recipients of the Mail and Guardian’s 200 Young South Africans award, which recognises exceptional South Africans under the age of 35. Christine holds a Bachelor of Arts degree (History and Sociology), Bachelor of Laws degree, and a Master of Laws degree (Marine and Environmental Law) from the University of Cape Town.

Contact Contact


Independent Redress Mechanism
Green Climate Fund
Songdo Business District
175 Art center-daero
Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22004
Republic of Korea
+82.32.458.6157 (Korea Standard Time)