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Credentials Credentials


The Fund is a unique global platform to respond to climate change by investing in low-emission and climate-resilient development. GCF was established by 194 governments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries, and to help vulnerable societies adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. Given the urgency and seriousness of this challenge, the Fund is mandated to make an ambitious contribution to the united global response to climate change.
GCF is accountable to the United Nations. It is guided by the principles and provisions of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is governed by a Board of 24 members, comprising an equal number of members from developing and developed countries.
The Green Climate Fund is the only stand-alone multilateral financing entity whose sole mandate is to serve the Convention and that aims to deliver equal amounts of funding to mitigation and adaptation. 

Management Management


Executive Director
(ad interim)

Javier Manzanares is the Executive Director (ad interim) of the Green Climate Fund.

The GCF Board appointed Mr. Manzanares as interim Executive Director at its 13th Board meeting. He will assume the position until such time as the current selection process for a permanent Executive Director has been completed.

With more than 25 years of experience in financial institutions and international organizations, Mr. Manzanares is a widely recognized leader in international finance. He joined GCF in July 2014 as Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and as Director of Support Services. In this dual role, he established the Fund’s financial operations, administrative procedures and staff management function.

Before the Green Climate Fund, Mr. Manzanares served as Director and Representative of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) of the MERCOSUR region, based in Argentina. At the Central American Bank for Economic Integration he was Division Manager to lead Investment and Development Banking in the Latin America region. He also worked as an Executive VP for two privately held banks of Grupo Fierro, specializing in industrial and financial services. His career in finance and banking began with Banco Santander / BSCH in California.

Mr. Manzanares holds a dual MBA from Northwestern University / Kellogg (USA), and an EMBA from Hong Kong University of Sciences & Technology (China).
An avid supporter of lifelong learning, he has pursued training programmes throughout his career and is currently focusing on Sustainable Development with INHA University (Republic of Korea).

Javier is a citizen of Spain and fluent in English and Spanish. He is married and has three daughters and two stepsons.


Ousseynou Nakoulima is the Director of Country Programming at GCF. He spent 15 years working for development organizations and international financial institutions, most notably at the African Development Bank and BNP Paribas Group. He previously led the structuring and financing of large infrastructure projects, particularly in South Africa, Morocco, and Rwanda. With a civil engineering and management background, Ousseynou has a degree from Ecole Polytechnique and Ecole des Mines (France) and an MBA from Harvard Business School (USA). 


Jiwoo Choi is the Head (Acting) of GCF’s Private Sector Facility —PSF. Jiwoo has 15 years of experience in corporate, project and structured finance. Prior to joining the Fund, Jiwoo served for ten years at Standard & Poor’s covering a whole suite of structured finance and project finance transactions, coupled with infrastructure and utility corporates in the Asia Pacific Region. She also worked as Head of Credit for Overseas Investment in Hanwha Life and served at the Financial Intelligence Unit in the Ministry of Finance and Economy in Korea. She holds a Master’s Degree from Hankuk University of Foreign Studies and a Bachelor’s Degree in Mathematics from Sookmyung Women’s University (South Korea).

Juan Carlos

Juan Carlos Mendoza is the acting Head of GCF’s Mitigation and Adaptation Division. He has a twenty-year long career in international organizations and financial sector consulting. At the World Bank, Juan Carlos was Operations Manager for the Pacific Islands country department, overseeing climate change adaptation projects. As a Senior Advisor at the World Bank’s Global Partnerships Vice-Presidency, he worked with other multilateral funds to support global environmental, health, and education goals. Earlier in his career, he was a Senior Manager at Oliver Wyman, a financial consulting firm. Juan Carlos holds a Bachelor and Master degree in Aerospace Engineering from, respectively, the Georgia Institute of Technology and MIT, as well as a Master in Public Policy from Georgetown University (USA).

Chief Financial

Gerard O’Donoghue is the acting Chief Finance Officer (CFO) at GCF. He previously worked in senior roles at the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) for a period of 20 years, serving as Director of Finance and Corporate Services. At the International Water Management Institute in Sri Lanka, he was Deputy Director General for Operations, after having served as Senior Finance Officer at the World Bank in Washington, DC. He also was the CFO at the International Livestock Research Institute, working in both Kenya and Ethiopia. At Price Waterhouse in London, his work ranged from auditing to corporate finance. Gerard has a degree in Mathematical Physics from the National University of Ireland, and is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales.

Secretary to
the Board

Carolina Fuentes is the Secretary to the Board at GCF. She was formerly Deputy Director General for International Cooperation at the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources in Mexico, where she was in charge of climate change, international cooperation, and engagement with economic and environmental organizations such as the OECD and CEC. She previously worked as Director for Climate Change in the same ministry where she represented Mexico in international climate change negotiations. Carolina holds a Master degree in Nature, Society, and Environmental Policy from the University of Oxford (UK).

de Witt Wijnen,

Rutger de Witt Wijnen is the General Counsel at GCF. Formerly a partner at the Amsterdam office of the international law firm Simmons & Simmons LLP, he specializes in finance and energy law, including carbon finance and climate change law. Rutger was previously a partner at a major Dutch law firm, De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek, where he became involved in carbon finance. He has acted for governments, multilaterals, international financing institutions, and private sector companies in a variety of climate change matters. As a member of several advisory committees, he was at the forefront of developments in carbon markets. Rutger has a degree from Leiden University (Netherlands).

Independent Units Independent Units

Independent Units

The Green Climate Fund is committed to ethical and efficient operations and has set up three independent units to monitor its performance, and follow up on any signs of irregular practice. The three units – addressing allegations of fraud, responding to complaints and considering how well the Fund is working – report directly to the GCF Board.

The Independent Integrity Unit has been set up to investigate allegations of fraud and corruption. This covers not only activities by GCF staff members but also by people responsible for implementing funded projects and programmes, including implementing entities.

GCF’s Independent Redress Mechanism was established specifically to respond to complaints from people and communities directly affected by GCF-funded activities. This includes deciding whether complaints stem from a failure to implement GCF environmental and social safeguards.


Ibrahim Pam is the Head of GCF’s Independent Integrity Unit. He previously worked as an Analyst and Investigator in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC), and then as Chief Investigator in the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department of the African Development Bank (ADB). As delegate, Ibrahim participated in the drafting of the African Union Convention on Combating and Preventing Corruption, as well as of the UN Convention Against Corruption. He also assisted in developing the General Principles for Review of Investigative Offices of the Conference of International Investigators (CII). Most recently, he was Resident Investigator at the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services for the UN Mission in South Sudan. Ibrahim holds a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Jos and a Master in Criminal Justice Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science. 

de Silva,

Dr Lalanath de Silva is the Head of GCF’s Independent Redress Mechanism. Dr de Silva has extensive experience in legal affairs, with more than 30 years of service as a practicing lawyer. In Sri Lanka, he supported the Ministry of Environment as a legal consultant, and was a member of his country’s Law Commission. Lalanath previously worked at the Environmental Claims Unit of the UN Compensation Commission in Geneva, and served as Director of the Environmental Democracy Practice at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington DC. As a member of the Compliance Review Panel of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), he led the review of multiple compliance cases. Lalanath has a PhD from the University of Sydney, a Master of Laws from the University of Washington, and graduated from the Sri Lanka Law College as an Attorney-at-Law.

Structure Structure


The GCF Secretariat is fully independent. It has effective management capabilities to execute the day-to-day operations of the Fund and is accountable to the Board. The GCF Secretariat is rapidly developing its institutional, managerial and technical capacity that enables it to deliver an extensive work programme.

GCF’s current structure focusses on each of the Fund’s operational priorities, including country dialogue, readiness support, mitigation and adaptation, and private sector engagement. The structure of the Secretariat will evolve over time, including in relation to future Board decisions on the overall governance structure of the Fund.

Today, GCF has about 100 staff members at its headquarters, including consultants. Some limited support is being provided offsite, in other countries. With close to a 50/50 balance between men and women, 30+ nationalities, and many more languages spoken, the Fund is an institution that speaks and acts for all people on the planet.

Structure Image Structure Image

Headquarters Headquarters


Songdo, Republic of Korea

The Green Climate Fund is headquartered in Songdo, Incheon City, Republic of Korea, where it opened its doors in December 2013. The GCF Board selected Songdo as the host city following an open bid process that saw six countries submit host country proposals. The Headquarters Agreement between the Republic of Korea and GCF was signed in June 2013 and entered into force in August 2013.

Songdo is a planned city, built on reclaimed land and part of the Incheon Free Economic Zone. It is located some 65 km southwest of Seoul and lies within close proximity to Incheon International Airport (ICN). The offices of GCF are located in G-Tower, an eco-friendly building that is also home to several United Nations agencies.

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