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Scaling‐up of Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) risk reduction in Northern Pakistan

Beneficiaries Anticipated number of people with increased resilience


GCF results areas
  • Health, food and water security
  • Livelihoods of people and communities
Gender benefits This project will promote women leadership in community-based early warning systems and disaster risk management funds. UN Sustainable Development Goal
  • #9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Location & People

  • Asia-Pacific
  • Pakistan PAK
Beneficiaries (approx.) 29,233,000

Investment Data

  • Financing:
    • Public
    • Public / Private
    • Private
  • Project size:
    • Micro
    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large
  • E&S Risk category:
    • Category A
    • Category B
    • Category C
Total project investment
GCF Financing
  • Instrument Grant USD
  • Government of Gilgit - Baltistan Grant USD

Project owners

Accredited Entity Executing Entity
  • Ministry of Climate Change Pakistan
Scaling‐up of Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) risk reduction in Northern Pakistan Approved October 2016 Est. implementation period 5.0 years Est. completion date 12 July 2022
Rising temperatures have melted glaciers, creating glacial lakes in Northern Pakistan. These carry the risk of outburst flooding events, threatening over 7 million people. Early warning systems, engineering structures and disaster management policies will reduce risk, protecting local communities and providing early warning of devastating flood events.

The melting of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalayan glaciers in Northern Pakistan due to rising temperatures have created 3,044 glacial lakes in the federally-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). It is estimated that 33 of these glacial lakes are hazardous and likely to result in glacial lake outburst floods. Such flooding releases millions of cubic metres of water and debris in just a few hours, resulting in the loss of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, and severe damage to livelihoods in some of the most remote areas of Pakistan.

The project will build 250 engineering structures including damns, ponds, spill ways, tree plantation and drainage to reduce risk. At the same time, the development of disaster management policies and the introduction of weather monitoring stations, flood gauges, hydrological modelling and early warning systems will increase the ability to respond rapidly to flood scenarios.

The project has an estimated lifespan of 15 years.
Document title
Published date
ESS report FP018 - UNDP - Pakistan 21 Oct 2016
Approved funding proposal FP018 - UNDP - Pakistan 22 Mar 2017
Gender assessment FP018 - UNDP - Pakistan 06 Jun 2017
Gender action plan FP018 - UNDP - Pakistan 06 Jun 2017
Accredited Entity
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mr. Pradeep Kurukulasuriya Tel: +1 212 906 5884 Mr. Lucas Black Tel: +1 212 906 5842
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