MoroccoMinistry of Energy, Mining and the Environment Represented by
Mustapha MokassIndependent Climate Advisor
Share with us a game-changer programme that GCF could fund in Morocco that would represent a paradigm shift?Partnering with the Green Climate Fund on clean energy would be a game-changer for Morocco and it would strengthen our leadership as a green leader in the region.
Scaling up investments in renewable energy represents a primary pillar of our national energy plan. This plan aims to increase infrastructure and capacity in solar, wind and hydro power generation by 2030, seeking to reach three gigawatts of energy capacity across each of the three sources. It is ambitious and alone requires more than USD 20 billion in investment.
This will be transformative for the country, with a spin-off effect of encouraging other countries to follow our lead. Morocco is already an example for neighbouring countries across the continent with the Ouarzazate solar power plant, the largest solar plant in the world, demonstrating what is possible with renewable energy.
What are the major challenges and opportunities in implementing the Paris Agreement in Morocco?Morocco was one of the first countries to submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), to sign the Paris Agreement in New York, and to ratify the agreement. This reflects Morocco’s ambitions and its historic engagement on this issue.
A significant challenge ahead is financing Morocco’s NDCs across the sectors prioritized such as water management, forestry, agriculture, urban planning and emissions reduction. On the latter, to reduce Morocco’s greenhouse gas emissions by 42 per cent by 2030, an estimated USD 50 billion is required, of which USD 24 billion would be conditional on international support, including from the GCF.
How are you engaging other partners to reach Morocco’s climate change targets?Realizing Morocco’s NDCs will require a significant level of investment. The engagement of the Moroccan State is an important element, as is that of donor countries notably OECD member countries through bilateral channels. Equally crucial is regional cooperation, as well as the involvement of the private sector.
On this last aspect, we see the GCF as helping us mobilize the private sector to work with Morocco in implementing and leveraging our climate actions. This potential has been demonstrated in the renewable energy sector, with many companies and banks committing to invest in this area.
As part of our engagement with the GCF through the NDA, we have established a committee comprised of many different actors to build a broader partnership base around Morocco’s climate change plans. This group includes representatives from government, small to medium-sized enterprises, and civil society. The aim is to ensure wide consultation and participation in supporting the development of project ideas for submission to the GCF.
How do you foster effective partnerships?Openness and transparency. Through Morocco’s NDA, we organize regular consultations with civil society and the private sector to seek their feedback and support for projects and support needs. You can almost say we are the victim of our own success in that we have seen attendance in our consultations grow significantly. This is a positive development and it demonstrates the high interest in the GCF.