Côte D'IvoireMinistry of Environment and Sustainable Development Represented by
Richemond Agré AssieBureau of Climate Change
Share with us a game-changer programme that GCF could fund in Côte d’Ivoire that would represent a paradigm shift?There are three sectors in which we have to act expeditiously. The first is energy and transport. Côte d’Ivoire has just two percent of renewables (non-hydraulic) in our energy mix. We want to see that figure increase to at least 16 percent by 2030. Second, agriculture and forestry—the country’s forestry sector has decreased tremendously, from 16 million hectares in the 1960s to just over two million hectares today. This destruction of the forest demonstrates the importance of effective land use policies and protecting forests against deforestation. Third, the waste sector. We must move towards a circular economy whereby what is produced is eventually reused, recycled and reappears in the production chain. For these three sectors, Côte d’Ivoire will be bringing substantial projects to GCF.
What are the major challenges and opportunities in implementing Côte d’Ivoire’s Paris Agreement commitments?The Paris Agreement represents significant opportunities for developing countries. Most notably is access to resources with a particular focus on adaptation to reduce vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. The agreement also places emphasis on strengthening developing countries’ capacities. For Côte d’Ivoire this is a critical area as we need support to develop projects and formulate compelling funding requests. The Paris Agreement has already had a positive impact in that the process to compile our Intended Nationally Determine Contributions (INDC) was inclusive and participatory, enabling us to gather diverse inputs from different segments of the population and sectors of the economy.
In terms of implementation challenges, the most obvious one is technology transfer and development. Côte d’Ivoire does not have the capacity and resources to implement its INDC targets without assistance to bring in the technologies that will make the paradigm shift possible. We are committed to turn towards sustainable and climate-resilient development.
How to foster effective partnerships to support Côte d’Ivoire’s climate action agenda?From my experience, in order for a partnership to be effective, it is necessary to ensure that everyone you want engaged understands the overarching objectives. This means explaining the causes of climate change and the actions to address the problems identified. As the NDA in Côte d’Ivoire, we have held numerous consultations to get stakeholders on the same page, to know what we are attempting to achieve and how we intend to work with the GCF. A second aspect is building the capacity of stakeholders. Many want to be engaged but do not have the specific experience and skills in the field of climate change, for instance how to develop a greenhouse gas inventory or a funding proposal. Our role is to support learning and skills strengthening. We all benefit from a strong engagement.
On partnerships, how do you envisage the engagement of the private sector in achieving your climate goals?Côte d’Ivoire’s INDC makes explicit reference to the role of the private sector in implementing our adaptation and mitigation goals. We view the private sector as a key partner in executing our sustainable development strategy because embarking on a low-emission growth pathway is not possible without the engagement of industry, including small and medium-sized enterprises. Public-private partnership is necessary to implement the large-scale projects we have identified across renewables, agriculture and waste management. As many companies are already active in these sectors, we are working to sensitize them on the different opportunities available through climate finance, mitigation measures and applying a sustainable development approach to their activities. Our strategy is to partner hand in hand so we can all move towards achieving common goals.
QUOTE“Côte d’Ivoire views GCF as the principle mechanism to finance our pipeline of projects and programmes to combat climate change and build sustainable development. We are counting on the Fund.”
Associated linkCôte d’Ivoire INDC