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Independent Units

Independent Redress Mechanism

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Introduction Introduction

The Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM) responds to complaints by people who feel they have been adversely affected by GCF projects or programmes failing to implement GCF operational policies and procedures. This includes allegations of a failure to follow adequate environmental and social safeguards.

The IRM can also accept requests by developing country National Designated Authorities, or focal points, for the GCF Board to reconsider funding proposals which the GCF has rejected.

The IRM also has an advisory function. It can suggest changes to existing operational policies and procedures to the GCF Board, based on lessons learned from cases.

Also, its mandate includes monitoring whether the decisions taken by the GCF Board on the IRM’s recommendations have been implemented. The IRM works collaboratively with other grievance redress and accountability mechanisms of Accredited Entities, which channel GCF resources to developing countries.

The IRM is independent of the GCF Secretariat, and reports directly to the GCF Board, which oversees the Fund’s investments and management.

The IRM is a member of the Independent Accountability Network (IAMnet).
This is a network of dedicated practitioners who exchange ideas and help build institutional capacity in accountability and compliance as part of sound corporate governance. More details about IAMnet are available here.

Making complaints and requests Making complaints and requests

Making complaints and requests

How to file a complaint
Cases can be filed with the IRM by two or more people who believe they have been directly affected by adverse impacts through the failure of a project or programme funded by GCF to implement GCF’s operational policies and procedures, including environmental and social safeguards.

Other kinds of complaints, such as allegations of corruption and irregular procurement, are handled by separate independent units associated with GCF, including the Independent Integrity Unit (IIU).

While no special form is required to lodge a complaint, it is advisable to include the following information.

  • Details of affected people: Name, title, address and contact information
  • Representative/s: If a representative of affected people contacts the IRM, they should provide
    • the representative/s name, title, address and contact details;
    • names of the affected people on whose behalf they are acting;
    • signed evidence of authority to represent affected people.
  • Confidentiality of identity: Complainants should state whether they want to keep their identities confidential. Complainants' identities will be kept confidential from all parties other than the IRM, unless they agree to disclose their identities. Authorized representatives' identities will be disclosed, unless they are complainants themselves.
  • GCF funded project or programme: Provide a brief description including name, location and, if known, the GCF reference number of the relevant project or programme.  
  • Adverse Impacts: Describe, in as much detail as possible, how the GCF-funded project or programme has adversely affected the complainants.
  • Policy or Procedure not followed: State, if possible, whether the adverse impacts have been caused by a failure to implement a GCF policy or procedure.  If possible, identify the relevant policy or procedure.
  • Relief or remedy: State what the complainants expect as relief, redress or remedy from the GCF.

Requests for reconsideration of GCF Board decision
It is possible for NDAs or focal points to contact the IRM to call for a reconsideration of a GCF Board decision which has rejected their funding proposal. In certain cases, the head of the IRM can determine whether such a rejection decision has taken into account GCF policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria.

Head of unit Head of unit

Head of unit

de Silva,

Dr Lalanath de Silva is the Head of GCF’s Independent Redress Mechanism. Dr de Silva has extensive experience in legal affairs, with more than 30 years of service as a practicing lawyer. In Sri Lanka, he supported the Ministry of Environment as a legal consultant, and was a member of his country’s Law Commission. Lalanath previously worked at the Environmental Claims Unit of the UN Compensation Commission in Geneva, and served as Director of the Environmental Democracy Practice at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington DC. As a member of the Compliance Review Panel of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), he led the review of multiple compliance cases. Lalanath has a PhD from the University of Sydney, a Master of Laws from the University of Washington, and graduated from the Sri Lanka Law College as an Attorney-at-Law.

Contact Contact


Independent Redress Mechanism
Green Climate Fund
Songdo Business District
175 Art center-daero
Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22004
Republic of Korea
+82.32.458.6157 (Korea Standard Time)